Office: MSE 1100M
B.S., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1981; Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1985
Organic, Materials, Organometallic, and Optical Science. Our research program focuses on understanding how the chemical structures of molecules and materials relate to their electronic and optical properties. We employ a molecular approach in which fundamental structure-property relations are defined through a coordinated synthesis, theory and characterization program. In particular, we seek to develop a fundamental understanding of how to control the interactions of light and matter, and use this understanding to design and synthesize molecules and material for applications in photonics, materials processing, biology, and medicine. We collaborate with theoretical, physical, and analytical chemists, optical scientists, and biologists providing researchers a multidisciplinary training.
Two Photon Chemistry. We are interested in dyes that simultaneously absorb two photons to create excited states that lie at the energy sum of the two absorbed photons above the ground state. Such dyes allow one to excite molecules with very high spatial selectivity only at the focus of a laser beam. Recently, in collaboration with Professor Perry, we have found that molecules with donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) (below left), and acceptor-donor-acceptor (A-D-A) (below right) structural motifs exhibit exceptionally large two-photon absorptivities. We are now designing and synthesizing two-photon absorbing molecules and materials with additional chemical and optical activity. For example, newly developed two photon dyes can initiate polymerization of several monomers, for "writing" complex three-dimensional polymer structures. We are developing material systems for 3-D optical storage such that a terabit of information can be stored in the volume of a sugar cube. In collaboration with biologists we are synthesizing dyes (below left) to image biological structure and function with three-dimensional resolution optically; for example, using dyes that can be conjugated with antibodies through biotin-strepavidin interactions.
Materials for Photonics and Displays. We are developing organic and organometallic material systems (see below) that in response to optical, and/or electrical signals change their refractive indices. This allows the material to switch or modulate a light beam or record holographic images in real time. We are also interested in developing molecules and polymers for both liquid crystal displays and organic LEDs.
"Two-Photon Absorption in Quadrupolar Bis(acceptor)-Terminated Chromophores with Electron-Rich Bis(heterocycle)vinylene Bridges." S. Zheng, A. Leclerc, J. Fu, L. Beverina. L. A. Padilha, E. Zojer, K. Schmidt, S. Barlow, J. Luo, S.-H. Jiang, A. K.-Y. Jen, Y. Yi, Z, Shuai, E. W. Van Srtyland, D. J. Hagan, J.-L. Brédas, S.R. Marder, Chem. Mater., 2007, 19(3), 432-442.
"A Comprehensive Study of Short Channel Effects in Organic Field-Effect Transistors." J. N. Haddock, X. H. Zhang, S. Zheng, Q. Zhang, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, Organic Electronics, 2006, 7(1), 45-54.
"Isolation and Crystal Structures of Two Singlet Bis(Triarylamine) Ducations with Nonquinoidal Geometries." S. Zheng, S. Barlow, C. Risko, T. L. Kinnibrugh, T. V. Timofeeva, V. Coropceanu, J.-L. Brédas, S. R. Marder, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2006, 123(6), 1812-1817.
"Quantum-Chemical Investigation of Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Chromophores" Comparison of Strong Nitrile-based Acceptor End Groups and Role of Auxiliary Donors and Acceptors." A. Leclerq, E. Zojer, S.-H. Jang, S. Barlow, V. Geskin, A. K-Y. Jen, S. R. Marder, J.-L. Brédas, J. Chem. Phys., 2006, 124(4), 044510/1-1-044510/7.
"One- and Two-Photon Induced Phase Transition Behavior in Nematic Crystals Containing Bis-Styryl Benzene as a Photoresponsive Chromophore." O. Tsutsumi, A. Ohashi, T. Ikeda, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry. Thin Solid Films, 2006, 509(1-2), 118-122.
"Ultrafast Energy Migration in Chromophore Shell-Metal Nanoparticle Assemblies." O. P. Varnavski, M. Ranasinghe, X. Yan, C. A. Bauer, S.-J. Chung, J. W. Perry, S. R. Marder, T. Goodson III., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2006, 128(34), 10988-10989.
"Bisdioxaborine Polymethines with Large Third-Order Nonlinearities for All-Optical Signal Processing." J. M. Hales, S. Zheng, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2006, 128(35), 11362-11363.
"Materials for Fabrication of Nanoscale Structures." S. R. Marder, T. Okada, S. C. Jones, E. Riedo, R. Szoszkiewicz, W. P. King, J. Wang, S. Barlow, J. W. Perry, V. Chen, M. Rumi, J. M. Hales, W. Dong, W. Haske, Polymer Preprints, 2006, 27(2), 1018.
"Modeling and Characterization of Excitonic Multilayer Organic Solar Cells." S. Yoo, W. Potscavage, B. Domercq, S.-H. Han, T.-D. Li, S. Jones, R. Szoszkiewicz, D. Levi, E. Riedo, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, Polymer Preprints, 2006, 47(2), 1022.
"Organic Materials for Photovoltaic Applications." S. R. Marder, Z. An, X. Zhan, S. Odom, C. Huang, S. Barlow, S. C. Jones, B. Kippelen, S. Yoo, B. Domercq, W. Postcavage, M. R. Wasielewski, D. McCamant, J. Lockhard, B. Cohen, R. F. Kelly, H. L. Anderson. PMSE Preprints, 2006, 95, 99.
"Comparative Studies of the Geometric and Electronic Properties of 1,1-Disubstituted-2,3,4,5-tetraphenylsiloles and 1,1,2,2-Tetramethyl-3,4,5,6-tetraphenyl-1,2-disila-3,5-cyclohexadiene." X. Zhan, C. Risko, A. Korlyukov, F. Sena, T. V. Timofeeva, M. Y. Mikhail, S. Barlow, J.-L. Brédas, S. R. Marder, J. Mater. Chem, 2006, 16(39), 3814-3822.
"Extended Squaraine Dyes with Large Two-Photon Absorption Cross-Sections." S.-J. Chung, S. Zheng, T. Odani, L. Beverina, J. Fu, L. A. Padilha, A. Biesso, J. M. Hales, X. Zhan, K. Schmidt, A. Ye, E. Zojer, S. Barlow, D. J. Hagan, E. W. Van Stryland, Y. Yuanping, Z. Shuai, G. A. Pagani, J.-L. Brédas, J. W. Perry, S. R. Marder, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2006, 128(45), 14444-14445.
"N-type Doping of an Electron-Transport Material by Controlled Gas-Phase Incorporation of Cobaltocene." C. L. Chan, A. Fabrice, Q. Zhang, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, A. Kahn, Chem. Phys. Lett., 2006, 431, 67-71.
"Small Molecule Chemisorption on Indium-Tin Oxide Surfaces: Enhancing Probe Molecule Electron-Transfer Rates and the Performance of Organic Light-Emitting Diodes." C. Carter, M. Brumbach, C. Donley, R. D. Hreha, S. R. Marder, B. Domercq, S. Yoo, B. Kippelen, N. R. Armstrong, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2006, 110(50), 25191-25202.
"Organic Nonlinear Optical Materials: Where We Have Been and Where We Are Going." S. R. Marder, Chem. Commun. 2006, 2, 131-134.
"A mixed-valence bis(diarylamino)stilbene: crystal structure and comparison of electronic coupling with biphenyl and tolane analogues," S. Barlow, C. Risko, V. Coropceanu, N.M. Tucker, S.C. Jones, Z. Levi, V.N. Khrustalev, M.Y. Antipin, T.L. Kinnibrugh, T. Timofeeva, S.R. Marder, J.L. Brédas, Chem Comm., 2005, (6), 764-766.
"Bis-aryl substituted dixaborines as electron-transport materials: a comparative density functional theory investigation with oxadiazoles and siloles," C. Risko, E. Zojer, P. Brocorens, S.R. Marder, J.L. Brédas, Chem. Physics, 2005, 313(1-3), 151-157.
"Colorless molecular dopants for low-operating-voltage nematic liquid crystals," J. Haddock, B. Kippelen, D. Mathine, J. Schmidtke, S. Kumaraswamy, O. Kwon, E. Zojer, J.L. Brédas, S.R. Marder, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 2005, 428, 17-32.
"Electron affinities of 1,1-diaryl-2,3,4,5-tetraphenylsiloles: Direct measurements and comparison with experimental and theoretical estimates," Zhan, X. Risko, C. Amy, F., Chan, C. Zhao, W., Barlow, S., Kahn, A., Brédas, J.-L., Marder, S. R., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2005, 127(25), 9021-9029.
"Two-photon absorption at telecommunications wavelengths in a dipolar chromophore with a pyrrole auxiliary donor and thiazole auxiliary acceptor," Beverina, L., Fu, J., Leclercq, A., Zojer, E., Pacher, P. Barlow, S., Van Stryland, E.W. Hagan, D. J., Brédas, J.-L., Marder, S. R., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2005, 127(20), 7282-7283.
"Cubic liquid-crystalline nanoparticles," D. Yang B. Armitage S. R. Marder, Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 2004, 43(34), 4402-9.
"Electron-transport properties and use in organic light-emitting diodes of a bis(dioxaborine) fluorine derivative," B. Domercq, C. Grasso, J. -L. Maldonado, M. Halik, S. Barlow, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2004, 108 (25), 8647-8651.
"Synthesis of acrylate and norbornene polymers with pendant 2,7-bis (diarylamino) florene hole-transport groups," R. D. Hreha, A. Haldi, B. Domercq, S. Barlow, B. Kippelen, S. R. Marder, Tet. Lett., 2004, 60(34), 7169-7176.
"State models for the description of two-photon absorption processes: The example of bis(dioxaborine)-substituted chromophores," E. Zojer, W. Wenseleers, P. Pacher, S. Barlow, M. Halik, C. Grasso, J. W. Perry, S. R. Marder and J.-L. Brédas, J. Phys. Chem. B., 2004, 108, (25), 8647 - 865.
"Trends in optical nonlinearity and thermal stability in electrooptic chromophores based upon the 3-(dicyanomethylene)-2, 3-dihydrobenzothiophene-1, 1-dioxide acceptor," Z.-Y. Hu, A. Fort, M. Barzoukas, A. K. Y. Jen, S. Barlow and S. R. Marder, J. Phys. Chem. B., 2004, 108, (25) 8626-8630.
"High performance photorefractive polymer operating at 975 nm," M. Eralp, J. Thomas, J. Tay, S. Li, G. Meredith, A. Schülzgen, N. Peyghambarian, G. A. Walker, S. Barlow and S. Marder, App. Phys. Lett., 2004, 5(7), 1095-1097.
"Electronic couplings in organic mixed-valence compounds: The contribution of photoelectron spectroscopy," V. Coropceanu, N. E. Gruhn, S. Barlow, C. H. Lambert, J. C. Durivage, T. G. Bill, G. Noell, S. R. Marder, J. -L. Bredas, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126(9), 2727-2731.
"High-performance photorefractive polymers sensitized by cadmium selenide nanoparticles," C. Fuentes-Hernandez, D. J. Suh, B. Kippelen, S. R. Marder, App. Phys. Lett. 2004, 85(4), 534-536.
"Third-order optical autocorrelator for time-domain operation at telecommunication wavelengths," G. Ramos-Ortiz, M. Cha, M. S. Thayumanavan, J. C. Mendez, S. R. Marder, B. Kippelen, App. Phys. Lett., 2004, 85(2), 179-181.
"Metal-ion sensing fluorophores with large two-photon absorption cross sections: aza-crown ether substituted donor-acceptor-donor distyrylbenzenes," S. J. K. Pond, O. Tsutsumi, M. Rumi, O. Kwon, E. Zojer, J. L. Brédas, S. R. Marder, J. W. Perry, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2004, 126(30), 9291-9306.
"Two-photon absorption in linear bis-dioxaborine compounds-the impact of correlation-induced oscillator-strength redistribution," E. Zojer, W. Wenseleers, M. Halik, C. Grasso, S. Barlow, J. W. Perry, S. R. Marder, J. -L. Brédas, Chem. Phys. Chem., 2004, 5(7), 982-988.
"Turning on fluorescence by two-photon excitation and polymerization: toward a 3-D optical memory device," D. J. Dyer, B. H. Cumpston, D. McCord-Maughton, S. Thayumanavan, S. Barlow, J. W. Perry, S. R. Marder, Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, 2004, 31(1-4), 175-184.
"Delocalization in platinum-alkynyl systems: A metal-bridged organic mixed-valence compound," S. C. Jones, V. Coropceanu, S. Barlow, T. Kinnibrugh, T. Timofeeva, J. -L. Brédas, S. R. Marder, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2004, 126(38).
"Limitations of essential-state models for the description of
two-photon absorption processes: the example of bis(dioxaborine)-substituted
chromophores," E. Zojer, W. Wenseleers, P. Pacher, S. Barlow, M.
Halik, C. Grasso, J. W. Perry, S. R. Marder, J. -L. Brédas,
J. Phy. Chem. B, 2004, 108(25), 8641-8646.