Differential Misfolding Properties of Glaucoma-Associated Olfactomedin Domains from Humans and Mice.

TitleDifferential Misfolding Properties of Glaucoma-Associated Olfactomedin Domains from Humans and Mice.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsPatterson-Orazem, AC, Hill, SE, Wang, Y, Dominic, IM, Hall, CK, Lieberman, RL
Date Published2019 Apr 02

Mutations in myocilin, predominantly within its olfactomedin (OLF) domain, are causative for the heritable form of open angle glaucoma in humans. Surprisingly, mice expressing Tyr423His mutant myocilin, corresponding to a severe glaucoma-causing mutation (Tyr437His) in human subjects, exhibit a weak, if any, glaucoma phenotype. To address possible protein-level discrepancies between mouse and human OLFs, which might lead to this outcome, biophysical properties of mouse OLF were characterized for comparison with those of human OLF. The 1.55 Å resolution crystal structure of mouse OLF reveals an asymmetric 5-bladed β-propeller that is nearly indistinguishable from previous structures of human OLF. Wild-type and selected mutant mouse OLFs mirror thermal stabilities of their human OLF counterparts, including characteristic stabilization in the presence of calcium. Mouse OLF forms thioflavin T-positive aggregates with a similar end-point morphology as human OLF, but amyloid aggregation kinetic rates of mouse OLF are faster than human OLF. Simulations and experiments support the interpretation that kinetics of mouse OLF are faster because of a decreased charge repulsion arising from more neutral surface electrostatics. Taken together, phenotypic differences observed in mouse and human studies of mutant myocilin could be a function of aggregation kinetics rates, which would alter the lifetime of putatively toxic protofibrillar intermediates.

Alternate JournalBiochemistry
PubMed ID30802039