Secondary structure and domain architecture of the 23S and 5S rRNAs.

TitleSecondary structure and domain architecture of the 23S and 5S rRNAs.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPetrov, AS, Bernier, CR, Hershkovits, E, Xue, Y, Waterbury, CC, Hsiao, C, Stepanov, VG, Gaucher, EA, Grover, MA, Harvey, SC, Hud, NV, Wartell, RM, Fox, GE, Williams, LDean
JournalNucleic Acids Res
Date Published2013 Aug
KeywordsBase Pairing, Base Sequence, Escherichia coli, Evolution, Molecular, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Phylogeny, Ribosomes, RNA Folding, RNA Stability, RNA, Bacterial, RNA, Ribosomal, 23S, RNA, Ribosomal, 5S, Structure-Activity Relationship

We present a de novo re-determination of the secondary (2°) structure and domain architecture of the 23S and 5S rRNAs, using 3D structures, determined by X-ray diffraction, as input. In the traditional 2° structure, the center of the 23S rRNA is an extended single strand, which in 3D is seen to be compact and double helical. Accurately assigning nucleotides to helices compels a revision of the 23S rRNA 2° structure. Unlike the traditional 2° structure, the revised 2° structure of the 23S rRNA shows architectural similarity with the 16S rRNA. The revised 2° structure also reveals a clear relationship with the 3D structure and is generalizable to rRNAs of other species from all three domains of life. The 2° structure revision required us to reconsider the domain architecture. We partitioned the 23S rRNA into domains through analysis of molecular interactions, calculations of 2D folding propensities and compactness. The best domain model for the 23S rRNA contains seven domains, not six as previously ascribed. Domain 0 forms the core of the 23S rRNA, to which the other six domains are rooted. Editable 2° structures mapped with various data are provided (

Alternate JournalNucleic Acids Res.
PubMed ID23771137
PubMed Central IDPMC3753638