|Title||Characterization of divalent cation localization in the minor groove of the A(n)T(n) and T(n)A(n) DNA sequence elements by (1)H NMR spectroscopy and manganese(II).|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2002|
|Authors||Hud, NV, Feigon, J|
|Date Published||2002 Aug 6|
|Keywords||Cations, Divalent, Crystallography, X-Ray, DNA, Manganese, Models, Molecular, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular, Protons|
The localization of Mn(2+) in A-tract DNA has been studied by (1)H NMR spectroscopy using a series of self-complementary dodecamer oligonucleotides that contain the sequence motifs A(n)(n) and T(n)A(n), where n = 2, 3, or 4. Mn(2+) localization in the minor groove is observed for all the sequences that have been studied, with the position and degree of localization being highly sequence-dependent. The site most favored for Mn(2+) localization in the minor groove is near the 5'-most ApA step for both the T(n)A(n) and the A(n)T(n) series. For the T(n)A(n) series, this results in two closely spaced symmetry-related Mn(2+) localization sites near the center of each duplex, while for the A(n)T(n) series, the two symmetry-related sites are separated by as much as one half-helical turn. The degree of Mn(2+) localization in the minor groove of the T(n)A(n) series decreases substantially as the AT sequence element is shortened from T(4)A(4) to T(2)A(2). The A(n)T(n) series also exhibits length-dependent Mn(2+) localization; however, the degree of minor groove occupancy by Mn(2+) is significantly less than that observed for the T(n)A(n) series. For both A(n)T(n) and T(n)A(n) sequences, the 3'-most AH2 resonance is the least broadened of the AH2 resonances. This is consistent with the observation that the minor groove of A-tract DNA narrows in the 5' to 3' direction, apparently becoming too narrow after two base pairs for the entry of a fully hydrated divalent cation. The results that are reported illustrate the delicate interplay that exists between DNA nucleotide sequence, minor groove width, and divalent cation localization. The proposed role of cation localization in helical axis bending by A-tracts is also discussed.
|Grant List||GM48123 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States|